Get A Thinner Waist

The vacuum pose is one of the most effective exercises to lose inches off your waist. For this simple exercise you need to suck in your lower belly around your belly button. Try to hold that position for 30-60 seconds. Rest then do it again for about 5-10 minutes. How much you lose with this exercise? Some people say they lost three inches from their waist in about 30 days. And, in case you want other facts relevant to loses inches from waist, see Try phen375.

Another exercise for losing inches fast around your waist is the Dumbell Twist. Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart; hold a dumbell with both hands and twist your waist from side to side. You need to contract your ab muscles while doing this exercise.

A Crowd of Information On Loses Inches From Waist

Do not measure your waist too often. A sauna belt may help you lose inches off your waist, and lose inches fast (within one session of use), but those inches will come back as soon as you rehydrate yourself. Measure yourself only once a month so that you do not get discouraged, and can see your more permanent progress over time.

Loses Inches From Waist, Really?

Here is another great work out: stand back-to-back with a significant other and pass a big and somewhat heavy object back and forth by reaching around your side.

Losing inches and not weight quickly also means that you must cut out the extra calories from your diet. Do this by avoiding junk food, high fat, soda drinks, or fried foods.

Does it seem like you have tried everything to lose inches? It’s time to try closely guarded secret of Hollywood’s celebrities to lose the fat. This is the fastest way you can try right now. You can lose up to 15 inches in a single hour! Hollywood stars are using this product before award shows, photo shoots, etc. Click here to find out how they lose inches fast.

If you are intrigued by this subject, look into order phen 375 online

Eat Healthy, Eat Everything and Still Lose Weight

If you’re new to losing weight, you may not understand certain weight loss tips as given to you by family, either friends, or a doctor. While some of them may be self explanatory, the medical jargon can be more than confusing. So let us break down some of the confusing weight loss tips that you may come across. One of the first weight loss tips is to get more roughage in your diet. Roughage is simply another name for fiber. This can be accessed by plenty of fruits and vegetables in your weight loss diet. A balanced diet is required for healthy weight loss. Click on this link proactolplus101.com.

Staying hydrated is simply another name for keeping your body fluids and healthy. This is done by introducing water and other healthy liquids into your diet. This is either of the weight loss tips that have a dual purpose. Not only does it help you to keep fluids in your body, but it also keeps your hunger at bay. Liquid fools the stomach into thinking that it’s full. Another one of the weight loss tips is Glycemic index. This is an index of sugar in all foods and is helpful when choosing the kind of diet that’s best for you.

Eating lean protein is another one of the weight loss tips that may need a little explanation. There are two kinds of proteins, regular and lean. Lean protein such as that in lean beef and fish are good for you especially if you’re on a lean protein diet than the regular protein. Something that is always mentioned in diets is supplements. What a supplement is, is that it’s a dietary supplement such as vitamins or herbal preparations that are taken together with a diet. This is used to complete the body and aid in weight loss. These come in powder, tea, and pill forms, depending upon who the manufacturer is.

Tip 2: Next, eating lean meat or other types of protein is perfectly fine. In fact, having lean protein in your diet is very important. It’s all about choosing the right protein foods to aid weight loss that makes the difference. Boiled chicken (breast or thigh) and turkey are great, as well as lean beef and pork. Egg whites are a valuable source of protein in addition, you can add one egg yoke in a meal once in a while. Finally, include fish into your diet. Not only is it a good fat source of protein, it contains Omega-3 fatty acids that helps reduce your total blood cholesterol.

Another of the weight loss tips that may be confusing is the term BMI or body mass index. What a body mass index is, is the amount of body fat that you presently have. There is normally an index of how much fat a healthy person should have. This scale will likewise help you to calculate the amount of body fat that you’ll need to lose. Your BMI will be compared at various times in order to track your progress or lack thereof. Clinically obese means that you’re considered to be overweight. Morbidly obese means that you’re dangerously overweight.

Counting calories may need to lose weight and that’s another one of the weight loss tips that may give you a bit of trouble. Food has units of energy called calories. Each food has a certain amount of calories from fat, sugar, protein, etc. Some foods have more calories than others depending upon composition. Portion is also used a great deal in weight loss. Portions, simply means the magnitude of the serving that you’re eating or planning on eating. There are usually set portions in a weight loss program that you will be able safely eat and lose the weight that you wish to lose without starving yourself or making yourself sick in the process.

Go and visit author’s site: weight loss supplement

QUESTION: What are some tips for healthy eating and gradual weight loss?
As of tomorow i want to start eating really healthily and avoid snacking on bad things like crisps and chocolate. Id also like to loose a few pounds.Do you have any tips on eating healthy?

  • Try calorie shifting, the idea behind the diet is to instead of avoiding food, embrace it and use it to your benefit to improve your metabolism. This way you'll actually continue to burn fat even once you stop the diet. The major problem with all diets that limit your calorie intake is that they as a result weaken and lower the effect of your metabolism on the foods you eat and actually make your body much more prone to storing calories as a result. Much like when an animal goes into hibernation, your body will go into scarcity mode and begin holding onto anything it can. That's the main reason that people experience rebound effects from diets. Calorie shifting actually does it right because it changes the way your body utilizes food and as a result you lose weight and keep it off when you stop. I'll throw in a link to a popular calorie shifting diet program in my source box for you to learn more about it.

  • My best tip would be to utilize foods that you like. Yes, a lot of people really hate vegetables, but you need them daily. Downing gross foods every day will get old fast, so make sure that you have tasty, healthy foods as your main courses so you aren't tempted to fall off the nutritional wagon later on. There are many more aspects of eating healthy. Go to your local library and look for nutritional books from reputable dietitians. You don't need to read them from cover to cover. Just scan them and look at the charts they provide (which are golden resources for diet planning). There's also a web site that lists the nutritional facts for virtually every food sold in America today, but the name slips my mind at the moment. A simple google search would probably list it. Good luck!

  • Less calories /more exercise/ lots of water.

  • Don't buy junk – keep it out of the house. Focus on fresh vegetables and fruit. Cook your own meals, and enjoy different flavors. Put a note on the fridge to remind yourself of your diet.

  • Hi, Take a look at Healthkick (http://www.healthkickuk.com). They have a free down loadable eating plan here; http://www.healthkickuk.com/sample_menu.pdf They have weight loss tips/advice in their blog, which may be of interest to you as well; http://healthkickuk.blogspot.com Hope these help & Good Luck. WJ

  • I have found, for myself, that when I greatly reduced eating anything with high fructose corn syrup, refined sugars and white pastas, that the weight gradually came off. I do not feel like I'm depriving myself of anything and every now and then indulge in these types of foods. I also increased my whole grains, and things with healthy oils. I steer clear anything low-fat and eat fat foods in moderation, unless they are omega-3 fats. Increasing my activity level also played a factor. I didn't start an exercise program, I simply changed how I did things. Parked further away from the entrances, walked whenever I could, did dishes by hand, walked around the house while on the phone….little changes that I don't even notice. Over the past year alone, I've lost 20 pounds. Prior to that I have been losing between 5 and 10 pounds a year. When I started these changes I weighed 198. Today I weigh 167. It took about 4 years and the gradual loss did not go unnoticed by others from year to year. I hope this helps you.

  • There are many things you can do to start eating healthier and lose weight. It's easy to lose weight at first, as most of it is excess water that has been retained for a handful of reasons, and many people say that afterwards, a loss of 1-2lbs a week is healthy. Eating healthier doesn't mean just buying products that have less calories and fat. Those shouldn't even be an issue unless they're taken excessively. What you should actually be paying attention to is the ingredients used in the foods that you eat. Have you ever noticed how some products seem to be more of a combination of chemicals and artificial sweeteners than anything else? That's because the majority of food found at grocery stores isn't FOOD. Do your body a big favor and throw out all that crap. Keep your eyes open for fresh vegetables and fruits (in season and locally grown are the best), try grains other than wheat, and purchase products that have the least amount of ingredients in them and are the least processed. A good rule of thumb is: If you can't pronounce it, don't buy it. Try to stay away from hydrogenated foods as much as possible. Moderation, Variety and Taking it Easy are very important. By cooking your own food, you have more control over what ingredients are used and have a better idea of what you're ingesting. Try to use ingredients as unprocessed and from scratch as much as possible. There are many great recipe sites out there, one of my favorites being http://www.allrecipes.com. It lets you search recipes by the type of food you want, the ingredients you want to and Not want to use, and many people leave their own comments about changes they've made and how it came out. You can make delicious and sweet meals and desserts without having to add a whole bunch of sugar and salt to them. Fruits are very sweet on their own and make great sugar substitutes, just make sure not to eat too many (too much of anything is not good). You'd be surprised at how delicious most healthy foods taste, especially once you've given a break to your body from all the artificial sweeteners and excess sugars and salt. If you're having a hard time feeling full, eat a lot of fibre as that will help. Just make sure to up the amount of water you drink if you start eating more fibre. As your body gets used to eating healthier and you surround yourself with healthy food, your cravings will disappear or won't be as powerful. Eating a decent breakfast will start your metabolism properly and will help you eat a more balanced diet throughout the day. I suggest you sign up to a calorie-counting website such as http://my-calorie-counter.everydayhealth… and track what you eat for a week or two so you can evaluate the way you eat. It'll take time out of your day to calculate every nutrition, especially if you cook your own meals, but it's worth it! You might be surprised about how much of certain things you might be ingesting, and make changes to your diet to balance it out. It's important to remember that if you eat too little and don't get enough calories, it'll be unhealthy and harder to lose weight as your body will think it's starving and hoard the foods that you eat. I've often read that a woman should go no lower than 1200. There are some sites out there that give you a rough estimate of how many calories you should have daily, but going to see a doctor and having them evaluate you is the best option. If you're interested in learning more, go to my blog http://nocrapdiet.wordpress.com/. It has many tips on how to eat smarter and healthier and will soon have many delicious healthy recipes (soups, meaty dishes, granola bars, desserts, vegan dishes, smoothies etc). Feel free to ask me if you have any questions! I wish you the best of luck! =)


  • The Secret Of Health Economics

    One must wonder whether physicians, nurses and other workers toiling day and night in health care — let alone the medics and helicopter pilots who risk their lives to assist the wounded — see their job and its product quite as Mr. Limbaugh casts it.

    One further wonders whether families with a cancer-stricken member are likely to view going without health care as the moral equivalent of going without a beach house.

    But leaving aside speculation on the moral dimensions of health care that providers and their patients — or, for that matter, readers of this post — might contemplate, it must be pointed out that economists, too, have long wrestled with the question of whether health care stands apart from other products and services traded in the market place.

    Current Health Economics News:

    In raising that question, economists have been less concerned with whether health care has moral aspects than with the methodological question of whether the standard tools of neo-classical economics — especially what economists call ‘normative economics ” or ‘welfare economics ” — can be applied to medical care as well.

    Let’s also take a look at …

    By ‘normative economics ” economists mean prescriptive analysis, that is, advice on what decision makers should do to enhance human welfare. It is distinct from ‘positive economics, ” which merely seeks to explain how individual actors and institutions in health care behave and predict how they would be liable to adapt to changes in economic incentives.

    No, Really?

    Economic Good and Services. It is result from the economic demand as to meeting the human wants that is being generated in the market.

    The crucial characteristics of a perfectly competitive market are (1) that all of the quality dimensions of the property or service traded in that market are accurately understood by buyer and seller; (2) that potential buyers have full transparency on the price they’ll are required to pay per unit of that good or service; (3) that it is easy and relatively costless for potential sellers to enter and exit this market; (4) and that there’s so many potential buyers and sellers that none individually can affect the market price of the thing being traded.

    If those and some other conditions are met, Professor Arrow explained, then for any initial distribution of income and wealth that market will settle down at a unique equilibrium, that is, a state party from which no potential buyer or seller would want to move. This equilibrium has important attributes.

    Economists declare the associated Pareto-efficient distribution of the thing being produced and traded to be ‘welfare-maximizing ” — hence the term ‘welfare economics ” for this kind of analysis, for any given initial distribution of income and wealth.

    It is easy to understand why Professor Arrow’s paper fired the imagination of generations of economists all over the world to their argument that public health policy should confine itself strictly to making the market of health care perfectly competitive and then to redistribute income — perhaps by way of tax-financed vouchers to help subsidize the purchase by poorer people of needed health care — in order to accomplish whatever distributive ethic society wishes to impose on health care. That free-market approach would automatically take care of whatever moral aspect society wishes to impute to health care.

    Having established this normative benchmark, Professor Arrow explored in the remainder of his paper how close the market for health care actually comes to features of a perfectly competitive norm. In my next post, I will discuss Professor Arrow’s conclusion.

    Making Decisions About Influenza

    Two weeks ago most pet owners hadn’t even heard of the word’ Swine Flu’. But now, as well as being worried about ourselves, pet owners fear that the new strain of flu could affect our pets.

    All birds and mammals can be infected with a type of influenza virus, of which there are three types (A, B and C). Humans can be infected by forms of all three, but most flu varieties in animals and humans that cause serious health concerns are Influenza Type A. Viruses can mutate rapidly, and because hosts’ immune systems don’t initially protect against new mutations, new strains can subsequently cause widespread infection. Often new strains arise from the spread of an existing flu virus from one species to another. This provides the virus with the tools you need to transmit between members of a different species to it’s usual host.

    The Continuing Influenza Discussion

    The latest flu strain to hit the headlines (H1N1)-known popularly as’ Swine Flu’ is a strain of Influenza Type A. While the normal version of’ Swine Flu’ causes outbreaks of influenza with low mortality rates in pigs, the strain which is currently causing human deaths isn’t the same virus. The new strain combines genes from human, bird, and pig flu and is comparable to the strain that caused ‘Spanish Flu’, responsible for a human pandemic in 1918. ‘ Swine Flu’ is an entirely different virus to the’ Bird Flu’ which was widely talked about last year, and one of the most important differences is that’ Bird Flu’ infected humans who had direct communication with infected birds, where as’ Swine Flu’ is being transmitted from human to human.

    To broaden the discussion.

    An avian strain (H5N1) of Influenza Type A. This was given the popular name’ Bird Flu’, had until recently posed the greatest danger for a new influenza pandemic since it first killed humans in Asia in the 1990s, but it didn’t mutate into a form that spreads easily between people. H5N1 is unusual in being deadly to many species, including domestic cats which were never previously susceptible to any influenza virus. Aside from when infected with H5N1, the term’ Feline Flu’ doesn’t actually refer to infection by influenza, but instead generally relates to the symptoms of an upper respiratory tract infection. Because cats have little exposure to influenza viruses, any case of flu which was able to transmit between humans or dogs and cats would probably give rise to a widespread infection, since cats have no natural immunity to any influenza virus.

    And Even More…..

    Cats can get some types of influenza. However, not any cases of the H1N1 virus is known. The influenza virus that can be passed to cats is known as H5N1. The H5N1 influenza virus is a type A influenza virus that birds and/or cats can pass on to cats.

    Since there is an influenza virus that can be transferred to cats, protective steps can be taken. One way to avoid a cat from getting H5N1 is to hold the cat inside. Birds and other cats can pass this influenza virus on so keeping a cat indoors is the simplest way to prevent the virus. If a cat shows signs of illness, then a veterinarian has to be contacted.

    H5N1 is likewise known as Avian Influenza A because birds are the main species infected with the virus. Being the main species with this virus, birds are also the main transmitters of the virus. This influenza virus is passed through a bird’s saliva and feces.The main transmitter of the H5N1 virus to cats has been chickens. There have been some reports of cats getting the virus from eating H5N1 infected chickens.

    Although this new influenza is being called’ Swine Flu,’ it is being spread from person to person, not from pigs to people. None of the infected humans in North America have had contact with pigs. No pigs in North America have been found to be infected with this strain. Pet pigs are therefore not known to be able to contract the strain of’ Swine Flu’ which is being talked about in the media, however they’re able to contract normal’ Swine Flu’. This doesn’t normally have any more serious consequences than seasonal flu does for humans.

    In general, influenza viruses aren’t transmitted from one species to another. Dogs and cat don’t develop flu after exposure to owners with a seasonal flu virus, for example. While it is theoretically possible for a new influenza strain to be transmissible between humans and other domestic animals, it seems likely that such a strain would be transmissible between only humans and one other animal. Because the’ Swine Flu’ virus contains genetic elements of human, avian, and pig flu viruses, it would appear very unlikely that this strain would have the potential to infect hosts which aren’t humans, pigs or birds. And, according to the American Veterinary Medicine Association (AVMA), ‘there is no evidence that pets are susceptible to this new strain of influenza; it seems to be transmitted solely from person to person’.

    Work-life Balance: News

    So, we have recognized the significance of work life balance. Now we should find out why it is so necessary. Why should you get a balance between your job and life? There are numerous for this.

    One good reason for this is you need to be a mental break from work. The effort and concentration required for your work, whether you realise it or not, is quite a lot. The type of job you have got can vary this. However, a majority of IT jobs involve a lot of mental concentration. Lots of people in the trade industries and also other physical jobs often feel sore after a long day. It’s similar for working in IT-working a long day can make you mentally worn out. Your body needs time for you to get over this. You should rest and have a break from work, with a view to recover-this is done in the ‘life’ segment of the work life balance equation. Spend time doing whatever you want, other than work.

    Another reason for having a work life balance is it is perfect for your welfare. Working all of the time is not good for your health-it can cause stress, and likewise since you are working you will not be exercising a great deal which also is not good for you. These mightn’t be short-term issues but eventually they can build up.

    Broadening The Work-life Balance Circle

    There are extra things outside of work that are significant in our lives. While the purpose of this site is to give information on how you can improve your IT career, I realise it isn’t the only thing in your life. One way to enhance your IT career is to get a balance between the activities you do and the life you live. It has an indirect way of helping your career.

    We haven’t even thought about this yet

    What’s so great about having a work life balance? There are many positives to having a break between work time.

    Crazy Things About Work-life Balance

    I think it can make you more productive and efficient over time. Taking time away from work will let your mind and body recuperate, as stated before. This will make you more focused when you need to get-during work hours.

    This may also improve your overall life by giving you better relationships with others. Getting closer to family and friends, trying new things and getting into hobbies can make you feel good and improve your mental state. These areas usually make you feel better about yourself, and consequently improving the way you go about your work and enhancing your career.

    Sixth, make sure you set clear boundaries. While your life and work are closely connected this does not mean that you should give up your privacy. In order to get a good work life balance, you need to get boundaries so you can feel good about what you’re doing without having a depleted feeling and feeling that your space is being invaded. However, make sure your boundaries are flexible since things will change.

    Leave Work At Work-It might be tempting to bring work home when you leave the office. Getting just those extra few issues done seems hard at work. However, getting them finished at home means you’ve got a new beginning the next day. This might appear to be a good idea-and it is something that can be good, but only in moderation. If you are taking your job home consistently, you will not be capable of draw the line between work life and private life. It will take a toll on you, mentally, over time.

    Get A Hobby-There’s a great deal more to life and work, and that’s why there’s so many hobbies and activities people are keen on. One of the things I like to do is play basketball. It’s fun, social and good for health and fitness. Other people I know like to cycle, play video games, make homemade beer, learn video editing, read travel books, take up martial arts, and scores of other activities. It could possibly even be something less complicated like cooking dinner or watching a few TV shows. It gives you a rest from work and offers benefits that you do not otherwise get. Uncover what your passions are and try something new outside of work.

    Socialise-Spending time with others is a wonderful way to attain work life balance. Whether this is socialising with co-workers, family, or friends, the act of heading out and getting together with people has wonderful benefits and helps to balance your lifestyle. You can learn new things and have fun.

    Set Your Peak Periods-Sometimes you cannot help it-work has to be done by a certain time or something must be done as quickly as possible. This is typical in the IT world. However, in the long run, it ought to balance out. You could need to work hard for a few months. You might decelerate a bit following that. The purpose of this stage is to balance the high-volume or peak durations of collaboration with the non-peak times. If you work in an agency or industry that has peak periods (for example, banks may get busy at the expiration of the financial year), then you can certainly revolve around those as required.

    Take A Holiday-Among the best ways to get a work life balance is just to take a holiday. It does not need to be extravagant-you can take a few days off to go for a drive, get a weekend away somewhere, or you can get a few weeks off to go international. The aim is to obtain clear of labor and give yourself a mental and physical break. It’s an effective way of providing yourself more balance in your life.

    Make A Change In Your Life-At times things simply need to modify for you to have a better balance. If you drive to work, you may find that taking trains and buses is an option that might help. You may want to go running each day before work. Opting to go out and eat at a nearby restaurant once per week is another way. It adds a little bit of variety to life and can make you feel rejuvenated.

    Stop Trying To Do It All-A number of us overcommit to the amount of things that we are making in life. This is especially true as we age and have a family and kids. Seeking to fit everything in can mean that we are making none of those things well. You’ll want to find out how to consider your limits and not seek to handle too many things at once. This is applicable both to work tasks and things at home.

    Vaccination – The Real Truth

    In part 1 of the Vaccination Debate, you saw a listing of the preservatives … adjuvants that stimulate the immune system to react more strongly to the virus … antibiotics … and other substances that make up today’s vaccines.

    Many of these ingredients are toxic. Quite a some of them have been classified as known hazardous substances on up to eight different federal regulatory lists.

    And There’s More!

    And they CAN harm your immune system, nervous system and gastrointestinal system and – in extreme cases – lead to permanent disability or death.

    The Federal Government VAERS (Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System) receives about 11, 000 reports of serious adverse reactions to vaccinations annually. These include as many as 100 to 200 deaths and several times that number of permanent disabilities.

    The thing is … the FDA estimates that doctors are reporting as few as 1 per cent of adverse events related to vaccinations. Medical schools actually tell doctors NOT to report them.

    So the actual number of serious adverse reactions could be 10 to 100 times more than the number reported.

    Of course, vaccines contain toxic ingredients that are recognized as hazardous, so it should be no surprise that there is some risk of adverse reaction. And do not think for one moment that the medical community isn’t aware of that risk – they are. But they believe that chancing potential health hazards is worth it, if you are able to prevent a pandemic.

    Even the distemper vaccine is known to have some side effects, as with many other vaccines. It is very important to know the problems associated with different vaccines when you’re getting your pet vaccinated. However, it should be pointed out that not all dogs will have adverse reactions to this vaccine. The side effects are listed below.

    It is one of the more common side effects associated with several vaccines and not only of the canine distemper vaccine. Puppies may feel sleepy and exhausted after being vaccinated against distemper. They may get grumpy and want to just lie around and sleep. This lethargic effect may last for two to three days following the vaccination.

    The 1976 swine flu vaccine killed 25 people and paralyzed 500 more – while the swine flu itself was assigned to one death.

    Japan experienced yearly increases in smallpox as a result of the introduction of compulsory vaccines in 1872. By 1892, there were 29, 979 deaths, and all had been vaccinated.

    In the early 1900 ‘s, the Philippines experienced their worst smallpox epidemic ever after eight million people received 24.5 Million vaccine doses (achieving a vaccination rate of 95%) – quadrupling the death rate.

    Six New England states reported increases in polio one year after the Salk vaccine was introduced-ranging from more than doubling in Vermont to Massachusetts’ astounding increase of 642%.

    Research indicates that vaccination commits immune cells to the particular antigens in a vaccine, making them incapable of reacting to other infections. This could actually reduce the immunological reserves in your body – and lower your resistance to other sicknesses and diseases.

    Do not touch the vaccinated area, because it can spread the infection to other body parts and other people.

    Do not share things like towels or clothes with anyone, especially if the items have come in touch with the infected area, because it could spread to other people.

    One of the objectives of vaccination is to safeguard your child from experiencing infectious diseases like the measles, chicken pox, pertussis, and mumps.

    But the fact is … most childhood infectious diseases have few serious consequences in the contemporary modern world. Even conservative CDC statistics for pertussis during 1992-94 indicate a 99.8 % Recovery rate.

    Some medical doctors are now starting to believe that contracting childhood diseases like mumps, measles and chicken pox is actually beneficial for maturing and strengthening your entire immune system.

    That decision is entirely up to you. The goal of this set of articles is to simply give you information you can therefore know the facts … weigh the risks … and make the best choice for you and your family.

    But what worries the public most is the mass vaccination programmes governments are putting in place to combat the ‘so-called’ pandemic. These– considering the history of vaccines– is most likely to be much worse than any pandemic itself.

    The US Departments of Health and Homeland Security had declared a national public health emergency in April soon after the swine flu outbreak. As a result, some schools were closed, people quarantined, and drug companies awarded contracts worth $7 billon to make vaccines that are being fast tracked by the Food and Drugs Administration [7]. That means vaccinations will only be tested (if at all) for several weeks on several hundred children and adult volunteers before being given to all school children this fall.

    There are widely acknowledged reasons why flu vaccines fail to work, as already demonstrated with the much-touted vaccines for the ‘pandemic bird flu’ that has yet to materialize [10] (How to Stop Bird Flu Instead, SiS 35). Influenza viruses mutate naturally and quickly – even without the use of genetic engineering in the laboratory. Yet, each flu vaccine can only place a specific viral strain. Furthermore, flu vaccination doesn’t give permanent protection, and must be repeated annually; the vaccines are difficult to mass-produce, and many strains don’t grow at all under laboratory conditions.

    Numerous studies have documented that flu shots give few or no protection against infection and illness. There is no reason to think that swine flu vaccines will be different.

    A review of 51 separate studies involving more than 294, 000 children found that in children below the age of two, the efficacy of inactivated vaccine was similar to placebo. It was not possible to analyse the safety of vaccines from the studies because of the lack of standardization and information available [11]. A report published in 2008 found that flu vaccines in young children made no difference in the number of flu-related doctor and hospital visits [12].

    On the other hand, a study of 800 children with asthma found that those receiving flu vaccine had a significantly increased risk of asthma-related doctor and emergency room visits [13]; the odds ratios were 3.4 and 1.9 respectively. This was confirmed in a report published in 2009. This showed children with asthma who received FluMist had a 3-fold increased risk of hospitalization [14].

    Seed viruses are first spawned to provide the starting material for large scale production of live non-virulent flu viruses. Seed viruses are approved by the WHO or the United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA). The usual method of seed virus production is reassortment (see Box). Fertilized chicken eggs are injected with both a standard non-pathogenic influenza strain known to grow well in eggs and the strain that carries the genes expressing the desired vaccine H and N protein subtypes. The two viruses multiply. their eight genome segments reassort with 256 possible combinations. The resulting recombinant viruses are then screened for the desired virus with the six genome segments that allow the standard strain to grow so well in eggs and the H and N genes from the circulating strain. The seed virus is then injected into millions of eggs for mass production of vaccine. This conventional method of seed stock production takes about one to two months to complete [20].

    Cell culture systems may eventually replace chicken eggs. Baxter International applied for a patent on a process using cell culture to produce quantities of infecting virus. These are harvested, inactivated with formaldehyde and ultraviolet light, and then detergent [21]. Baxter has produced H5N1 whole virus vaccines in a Vero cell line drawn from the kidney of an African green monkey, and conducted phase one and two clinical trials with and without aluminium hydroxide as adjuvant [22, 23]. The main finding was that the toxic adjuvant didn’t increase neutralising antibodies against the vaccine strain. Baxter has agreed to ship H1N1 vaccine prior to the end of July or early August 2009 but details of the production of that vaccine haven’t yet been released to the public [16].

    As of 22 July 2009, the CDC listed a total of 40, 617 reported cases of swinelu in the US with 319 fatalities, giving a case/fatality ratio of 0.8 percent [35]. The death ratio is probably much lower since most mild cases are unreported. Experts estimate that only 1 out of 20 cases are reported [36].

    The UK is the worst affected European country. The pandemic is in the headlines everyday in July. A new telephone helpline was set up on 23 July to give people advice as well as the means to receive tamiflu vaccination without seeing a doctor. In that week, there’s been a record rise in cases to 100 000 and a total of 30 deaths so far [37], giving a fatalities/case ratio of 0.03 percent, a significantly lower case/fatality ratio.

    UK’s principal medical officer Sir Liam Donaldson has ordered the NHS to plan for as many as 65, 000 deaths, with 350 a day at the peak [38]. There has been no plan as yet for mass vaccination; but the UK government has advance orders for 195 million doses of vaccine with GlaxoSmithKline (GSK).

    Traditionally, healthcare providers have been at the mercy of suppliers and distributors when it came to deliver dates for their flu vaccine orders. This unpredictability created many challenges to a successful vaccination clinic, including storage issues, planning difficulties, and a potential inability to educate and vaccinate patients in a timely manner.

    If a clinic found itself unprepared during flu season, it could often lose patients to whatever facility received its vaccine first.  Thanks to improvements within the distribution process, these providers can now select specific delivery dates for their vaccine. This allows them to plan vaccination clinics with the trust and confidence of knowing their flu vaccine will arrive on time.

    Of course, actually getting the flu vaccine isn’t the only appearance of a successful clinic. Providers will need to acquire resources and clinic planning tools to help get the word out. Successful clinics use posters, email marketing and brochures to let people know it’s time for flu vaccines.

    The vaccine that GSK is developing will be tested on a small number of people as the UK drug company reportedly [39] ‘weighs the pandemic danger against the risks of an unsafe shot. ” This was criticized as ‘risky ” by Professor Hugh Pennington, a retired microbiologist at the University of Aberdeen, Scotland. ‘ By limiting clinical trials, Glaxo raises the risk of the vaccine dose is not properly calibrated, and could lead to shots that do not protect people from the virus or at worse are unsafe, ” Pennington said.

    Pennington added that the shot’s ability to trigger the body’s defenses is crucial and requires tests in order to identify the best dose and whether an adjuvant is needed to strengthen the immunity. (As we know, GSK is definitely promoting its new range of toxic adjuvants.) He likewise referred to the Fort Dix incident in 1976 (see earlier).

    France has ordered vaccines from Sanofi, GSK and Novartis, but has no reason to ask vaccine makers to shorten or skip clinical trials [16]. Sanofi-Aventis, the French drug maker developing its own swine flu vaccine will begin testing the product in early August, and estimates it will need as much as two and a half months of tests before having a shot that’s ‘both safe and protective, ” according to Albert Garcia, speaking for the company’s vaccine unit, ‘the vaccine will be ready in November or December,’ he said.

    Glaxo also said it is developing a face mask coated with antivirals to prevent infection and boosting production of its Relenza drug for patients already suffering from swine flu.

    And we would add eating healthy food, exercising, and getting plenty of vitamin D (sunshine in moderation is best) to boost your natural immunity [10].

    Sex Education Updates

    Currently, the decision with respect to whether to teach and what to teach in sex education are left up to the general public school districts. It is a widely debated topic with varying beliefs. Some believe that an abstinence only program is how to go. However, others insist having a more integrated program where abstinence is taught in addition with what i’m supposed to do if you don’t abstain. There are likewise those of the idea that sex education is one thing that shouldn’t be taught at all in schools.

    Advocates of abstinence have had some success. Federal funds are currently being made available for abstinence programs; in his State of the Union address President Bush called for a growth in the funding. And in spite of the very fact that only 15 percent of Americans say they want abstinence-only sex education in the schools, 30 percent of the principals of public middle schools and high schools where sex education is taught report that their schools teach abstinence-only. Forty-seven percent of their schools taught abstinence-plus, while 20 percent taught that making responsible decisions about sex was more important than abstinence. Middle schools were most likely to teach abstinence-only than high schools. High schools were more likely than middle schools to teach abstinence-plus. High schools and middle schools were equally likely to teach that abstinence isn’t the most significant thing.

    Sex Education Conundrum

    Although what to include in the programme will undoubtedly have to be fine-tuned, it is of the greatest importance that sex education is taught in schools. Forty-six percent of young people in the United States ages 15-19 have had sexual intercourse at least 1 time. These young people need to be taught ways to keep themselves as safe as possible from sexually transmitted infections as well as unwanted pregnancies.

    There are many people who believe that sex education shouldn’t be taught in schools. They believe that sex is a private subject that is better discussed at home between a child and their parents or caregivers. To an extent, they’re correct; sex education should start at home. High quality communication between a parent and child about sexuality has been associated with a decrease in sexual risk behavior and negative sexual health outcomes (Byers, Sears, Voyer, Thurlow, Cohen, Weaver 2003). However, in a study conducted in the Spring of 2001 (Byers et al. 2003) most of the 1, 663 high school students surveyed (80%) noted that their parents rarely encouraged questions about sexuality Although some students indicated a willingness to talk to their parents more about sexuality, they were unsure how to approach the topic and also anticipated some parental disapproval of talking openly about the subject. Nearly half of the students preferred not to have further discussions about sex with their parents, probably because of anticipated embarrassment or disapproval of current or future sexual activity. Whatever the reason, it is obvious that teenagers aren’t getting the information they want or need from their parents and caregivers alone and schools should be supplementing the information they do get by offering sex education courses.

    A few parents have decided that it would be preferable to allow their teen children to have sex at home. These parents might think that if they condone their sexual activity and allow them do it at home then there is less chance that it will expire in pregnancy or with a sexually transmitted disease.

    Although most teenagers appear to be waiting longer to have sexual intercourse, most being about 17 years old their first time, they’re not getting married until their mid to late twenties (Guttmacher Institute 2010). This leaves them at risk of unwanted/unplanned pregnancies as well as various sexually transmitted infections for up to ten years. In the same study by the Guttmacher Institute (2010) it is explained that each year almost 750, 000 teen girls become pregnant and that eighty-two percent of the pregnancies are unplanned with 7 percent of the teenage mothers getting late or no antenatal care during pregnancy. Sexually transmitted infections in young people ages 15-24 account for nearly half (48% or 9.1 million out of 18.9 Million) of all the new cases annually.

    In a previous study conducted by the Guttmacher Institute (2006), a decline was presented in the rate of teenage pregnancies in the United States. The study also pointed out that although there existed a decline, the United States still had the highest teen pregnancy rates in the developed world. Feijoo, Alford, & Hauser (2009) note of the fact that the teenage birth rate in the United States is nine times higher than the Netherlands, nearly six times higher than France, and over four times higher than Germany. In addition, our teenagers also experience higher levels of sexually transmitted infections including Chlamydia. This is 19 times higher that the reported rate in the Netherlands. Feijoo et al. Suggest that part of the differences in culture seem to make the difference in the statistics. They state that the United States ‘can achieve social and cultural consensus that sexuality is a normal and healthy part of being human and of being a teen’ by following certain lessons they have gathered from study tours of Germany, France, and the Netherlands. These include teaching sex education not necessarily as it’s own subject, but integrating it across school subjects at all grade levels as well as families having open, honest, consistent discussions with their teens about sexuality while supporting the functions of educators and medical care providers making information and services provided to teens.

    According to a report dated May 4, 2012, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention states that the teen pregnancy rate is dropping in the United States. In 2010, there was a 44 percent drop in teen pregnancy rate from just 20 years ago in 1990. Those rates are assigned to the higher concentration of contraceptive use among teens and the more educated teen making better decisions about safe sex.

    Teen pregnancy rates can continue to decrease with more sex education for the teens at the very highest risk. Those teens who’re taught abstinence only do not realize that there are safe choices and do not know how to obtain or use the contraceptives even if they knew the choice was available. Teens tend to rebel against any adult in their lives but having sex is a natural progression in life and to believe that an adult can keep teens from having sex is reckless. Education is the key to lower teen pregnancy rates and the United States is moving forward in making sex education more available for all teens in America.

    There are certain considerations to take in mind when teaching sex education, in order for it to be effective in reducing risky behaviors. According to McKeon (2006) experts have found certain characteristics to help sex education programs be highly effective. Aside from ‘clear goals for preventing HIV, other STIs, and/or teen pregnancy ‘, a program should also be ‘developed in cooperation with states of the target community, especially young people ‘, and should be ‘implemented by trained educators’. Keeping these characteristics in mind will help to plan effective sex education programs that will cut the risk of unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections.

    Sex education should start at home. However, effective sex education programs at school should be available to complete the knowledge gained from parents or caregivers. Although young people are generally waiting longer to have sexual relationships, they also go nearly a decade running the risk of unwanted/unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections. Even with a decline of the quantity of teenage pregnancies in the United States, we always have the highest teen pregnancy rate in the developed world. When planning sex education program, there are key factors that must be taken into account so that the program can be effective.

    Since our young people spend a good part of their time in school, it is morally irresponsible for schools to refuse to set up and teach an effective sex education program that will help supplement what is being debated at home. It is of paramount importance to have an effective program in place to help lower the occurrences of risky behaviors in teenagers and to keep them safe.

    Cancer Prevention Uncovered

    The world today is such a dangerous place, and completely unpredictable, as you never know what’s going to happen as far as accidents or diseases, but it’s very reassuring to learn that there are people trying to cure and prevent diseases, like the people who learned about a link between calcium and prostate cancer prevention. Being an older man, I am very worried about prostate cancer, and I do my best to reduce my risks by researching about prevention and the amazing Vitamin D prostate cancer treatments.

    I know that for a bunch of people out there, this seems to me a fantasy that vitamins can actually have a role in preventing and treating something as serious as prostate cancer, however studies have shown again and again that vitamins and minerals, like calcium, are very important to the human body. But more and more often now, doctors and experts are latching onto this information and seeing the relationship between calcium and prostate cancer prevention.

    Investigating More About Cancer Prevention

    As I learned more about these unique prevention methods, I learned about Vitamin D. This is produced naturally by the human body when exposed to sunlight or ultraviolet radiation. Clearly the risk of skin cancer due to too much exposure to UV rays is a concern, so scientists have learned how to manufacture the Vitamin D prostate cancer prevention will really benefit from.

    I was able to learn a great deal more about the prevention methods they have been developing, and I also learned more about Vitamin D. These our bodies make when exposed to sunlight or ultraviolet radiation. Scientists have learned how to manufacture the Vitamin D prostate cancer prevention can benefit greatly from, for those worried about potential skin cancer that can come from too much exposure to UV rays.

    Before learning about all of this, I didn’t even know that there were different kinds of Vitamin D, but I found that Vitamin D3 was the best form to use in prostate cancer treatment and prevention. This discovery is an incredibly helpful thing in the handling of prostate cancer, since Vitamin D3 reduces inflammation and isn’t detrimental to the body, like other treatments can be. I know this for a certainty, since my brother-in-law suffered from prostate cancer and described the various indignities he suffered to me.

    Before I began studying about this, I had no clue that there were different kinds of Vitamin D, but apparently Vitamin D3 is the type that is very important for use in prostate cancer treatment and prevention. This is a big development, since Vitamin D3 can reduce inflammation and isn’t nearly as destructive to the body as most other types of treatment. I have seen first-hand how terrible the cancer treatments can be, because my brother had prostate cancer, and he suffered cruelly from the treatments.

    Which again, brings me back to how grateful I am for both researchers and others who’ve taken the time to study Vitamin D3 prostate cancer treatments, because I can rest assured that I can actively do anything to make my life so much healthier as well as help prevent prostate cancer. I do not know that I can do anything to ever prevent tragedy happening to me, but I can do anything for my health, and that you’ve made a lot of difference to me in my whole life and how I approach the things I eat.